Politics and government
The Constitution of 1991, which governs Colombia, defines the country as a social rule of law, organized as a decentralized unitary republic. It´s territorial entities have a democratic, participatory and pluralistic autonomy founded on respect for human dignity, work and solidarity towards the people within it.
The governing system is that of a democratic republic. The president is elected by popular vote every four years, time in which he works as Head of State and of Government.

The public power is exercised by three branches: the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branch. The head of the executive branch is the president, followed by the Vice President, Ministers and directors of administrative departments. The Congress of the Republic composes the Legislative branch, and the different courts and tribunals compose the judicial branch. Supervisory bodies are other State entities different from public power.

The country is divided in 32 departments and 1120 municipalities, administered and governed by municipal, district or metropolitan mayors. Nevertheless, there are indigenous territories that have a jurisdiction of their own. Even though Colombia's history has been marked with the predominance of two political parties (Liberal and Conservative), it's political system is integrated today by diverse political parties, advances that could be made due to the constitution of 1991, which promoted the emergence of new social and political movements.

The financial sector is managed by Banco de la República (Bank of the Republic), which has the autonomy to regulate currency, international change and credit. The central bank works with an objective inflation scheme and has the authority to intervene the financial system when this goal is at risk.


Juan Manuel Santos Calderón


German Vargas Lleras

Ministerio de Justicia

Yesid Reyes

Ministerio de Defensa

Juan Carlos Pinzón Bueno

Ministerio de Interior

Juan Fernando Cristo

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores

Maria Angela Holguin Cuéllar

Ministerio de Hacienda

Mauricio Cárdenas Santamaría

Ministerio de Minas

Tomás Gonzáles

Ministro de Comercio, Industria y Turismo

Cecilia Álvarez

Ministerio de Tecnología de la información y comunicación

Diego Molano Vega

Ministerio de Cultura

Mariana Garcés Córdoba

Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo rural

Aurelio Iragorri

Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible

Gabriel Vallejo

Ministerio de Transporte

Natalia Abello

Ministerio de Vivienda, Ciudad y Territorio

Luis Felipe Henao Cardona

Ministerio de Educación

Gina Parody

Ministerio de Trabajo

Luis Eduardo Garzón

Ministerio de Salud

Alejandro Gaviria Uribe

Other sections of interest
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